Gigabyte GA-MA74GM-S2H - FreeBSD - 2009 archive

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2009 archive.

2009-12-18: I created a pool for the data disks, using zpool create storage raidz ad8 ad10 ad12 ad14 ada0. The pool is autmatically mounted under /storage, like this:

root@kg-f2# mount
zroot on / (zfs, local)
devfs on /dev (devfs, local, multilabel)
zroot/tmp on /tmp (zfs, local, nosuid)
zroot/usr on /usr (zfs, local)
zroot/usr/home on /usr/home (zfs, local)
zroot/usr/ports on /usr/ports (zfs, local, nosuid)
zroot/usr/ports/distfiles on /usr/ports/distfiles (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid)
zroot/usr/ports/packages on /usr/ports/packages (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid)
zroot/usr/src on /usr/src (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid)
zroot/var on /var (zfs, local)
zroot/var/crash on /var/crash (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid)
zroot/var/db on /var/db (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid)
zroot/var/db/pkg on /var/db/pkg (zfs, local, nosuid)
zroot/var/empty on /var/empty (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid, read-only)
zroot/var/log on /var/log (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid)
zroot/var/mail on /var/mail (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid)
zroot/var/run on /var/run (zfs, local, noexec, nosuid)
zroot/var/tmp on /var/tmp (zfs, local, nosuid)
storage on /storage (zfs, local)

pool listing:

root@kg-f2# zpool list
storage  4.53T   132K  4.53T     0%  ONLINE  -
zroot    59.5G  28.8G  30.7G    48%  ONLINE  -

2009-12-12: I installed the data disks (five of them), changed bios settings so all ports are in sata mode, and rebooted the machine. This is how /var/log/messages shows the disks:

root@kg-f2# dmesg | grep ^ad
ad4: 238475MB <SAMSUNG HD252HJ 1AC01118> at ata2-master SATA300
ad6: 238475MB <SAMSUNG HD252HJ 1AC01118> at ata3-master SATA300
ad8: 953869MB <SAMSUNG HD103SJ 1AJ100E4> at ata4-master SATA300
ad10: 953869MB <SAMSUNG HD103SJ 1AJ100E4> at ata5-master SATA300
ad12: 953869MB <SAMSUNG HD103SJ 1AJ100E4> at ata6-master SATA300
ad14: 953869MB <SAMSUNG HD103SJ 1AJ100E4> at ata7-master SATA300
ada0 at siisch0 bus 0 scbus0 target 0 lun 0
ada0: <SAMSUNG HD103SJ 1AJ100E4> ATA/ATAPI-8 SATA 2.x device
ada0: 300.000MB/s transfers (SATA 2.x, UDMA6, PIO size 8192bytes)
ada0: Command Queueing enabled
ada0: 953869MB (1953525168 512 byte sectors: 16H 63S/T 16383C)

2009-12-12: I added amdtemp_load="YES" to /boot/loader.conf. This gives cpu core temperature reporting, like this:

root@kg-f2# sysctl dev.cpu.0.temperature
dev.cpu.0.temperature: 30.3C
root@kg-f2# sysctl dev.cpu.1.temperature
dev.cpu.1.temperature: 30.7C

2009-12-12: I cvsup'ed and upgraded to latest FreeBSD 8.0-stable. dmesg output: normal, verbose (part1, part2).

2009-12-12: The ST Lab A-360 SATA II controller card doesn't seem to be recognized by default in FreeBSD. Output from pciconf -lv:

none3@pci0:2:0:0:       class=0x018000 card=0x35311095 chip=0x35311095 rev=0x01 hdr=0x00
    vendor     = 'Silicon Image Inc (Was: CMD Technology Inc)'
    device     = 'SiI 3531 SATA Controller'
    class      = mass storage

Ah, yes, kldloading the siis.ko module fixed .that. From /var/log/messages:

Dec 11 22:57:25 kg-f2 kernel: siis0: <SiI3531 SATA2 controller> port 0xdf00-0xdf7f mem 0xfdcff000-0xfdcff07f,0xfdcfc000-0xfdcfdfff irq 16 at device 0.0 on pci2
Dec 11 22:57:25 kg-f2 kernel: siis0: [ITHREAD]
Dec 11 22:57:25 kg-f2 kernel: siisch0: <SIIS channel> at channel 0 on siis0
Dec 11 22:57:25 kg-f2 kernel: siisch0: [ITHREAD]

Fixed by adding siis_load="YES" to /boot/loader.conf. Cool!

2009-12-09: using the Installing FreeBSD Root on ZFS (Mirror) using GPT wiki page (found from the RootOnZFS wiki page), I installed FreeBSD 8.0-release on a 60 Gbyte partition / mirror on zfs. I booted from the memstick image (the machine doesn't have any optical drives), selected fixit from usb. Easy. The two disks show up as ad4 and ad6. Note: you need to add keymap settings to /etc/rc.conf: keymap="norwegian.iso". dmesg output: normal, verbose. From dmesg when booting:

ZFS NOTICE: Prefetch is disabled by default if less than 4GB of RAM is present;
            to enable, add "vfs.zfs.prefetch_disable=0" to /boot/loader.conf.
ZFS filesystem version 13
ZFS storage pool version 13
tingo@kg-f2$ gpart show
=>       34  488397101  ad4  GPT  (233G)
         34        128    1  freebsd-boot  (64K)
        162    8388608    2  freebsd-swap  (4.0G)
    8388770  125829120    3  freebsd-zfs  (60G)
  134217890  354179245       - free -  (169G)

=>       34  488397101  ad6  GPT  (233G)
         34        128    1  freebsd-boot  (64K)
        162    8388608    2  freebsd-swap  (4.0G)
    8388770  125829120    3  freebsd-zfs  (60G)
  134217890  354179245       - free -  (169G)
tingo@kg-f2$ zfs list
NAME                        USED  AVAIL  REFER  MOUNTPOINT
zroot                       952M  57.6G   269M  legacy
zroot/tmp                    23K  57.6G    23K  /tmp
zroot/usr                   683M  57.6G   174M  /usr
zroot/usr/home               30K  57.6G    30K  /usr/home
zroot/usr/ports              56K  57.6G    20K  /usr/ports
zroot/usr/ports/distfiles    18K  57.6G    18K  /usr/ports/distfiles
zroot/usr/ports/packages     18K  57.6G    18K  /usr/ports/packages
zroot/usr/src               508M  57.6G   508M  /usr/src
zroot/var                   368K  57.6G   108K  /var
zroot/var/crash            18.5K  57.6G  18.5K  /var/crash
zroot/var/db                 96K  57.6G    78K  /var/db
zroot/var/db/pkg             18K  57.6G    18K  /var/db/pkg
zroot/var/empty              18K  57.6G    18K  /var/empty
zroot/var/log                44K  57.6G    44K  /var/log
zroot/var/mail               18K  57.6G    18K  /var/mail
zroot/var/run              46.5K  57.6G  46.5K  /var/run
zroot/var/tmp                19K  57.6G    19K  /var/tmp
tingo@kg-f2$ zpool list
zroot  59.5G   953M  58.6G     1%  ONLINE  -
tingo@kg-f2$ zpool status
  pool: zroot
 state: ONLINE
 scrub: none requested

    zroot          ONLINE       0     0     0
      mirror       ONLINE       0     0     0
        gpt/disk0  ONLINE       0     0     0
        gpt/disk1  ONLINE       0     0     0

errors: No known data errors